Little Lemon

Eighteen astronauts and cosmonauts have died during spaceflight. But, perhaps, the most upsetting casualty of the Space Race was that of Laika the dog. Found wandering the streets of Moscow as a stray, weighing about 6kg and approximately three years old, Soviet scientists assumed that as a street animal she would have already learnt how to endure conditions of extreme cold and hunger. These same people also gave her the nickname Limonchik (Little Lemon).

Humans have to earn our affection on an individual basis, it takes a lot of background to make us care about them. But with dogs, we already care, we innately know we love them. When a dog dies in a movie, you feel bad because you like dogs, even though you've never met the dog. We don't really keep that same idealistic image for adult humans, instead reserving judgment until we get to know them (unless you're holding prejudice). If an adult, someone who has freewill, dies in a story, you don't care unless the plot/character development gave you a reason to. When you meet the protagonist, you don't immediately hope they don't die. You have learn to to like them throughout the story, and if the writing makes you care about them, you will feel bad when they're killed. But with dogs you never want to see them get hurt, right from the start.

One of the scientists, Dr Vladimir Yazdovsky, took Laika home to play with his children. In a book chronicling the story of Soviet space medicine, he wrote, 'Laika was quiet and charming... I wanted to do something nice for her: She had so little time left to live.' One of the technicians preparing the capsule placed Laika in the container and just before closing the hatch, kissed her nose to say goodbye, knowing that she would not survive the flight.

On November 3rd 1957 blast off was successful. She became the first animal to orbit the earth. But the dog had no understanding of what she had been sacrificed for. Instead she was only confused and terrified. Around seven hours into the flight, as the fourth circuit was made, she was painfully cooked to death as the capsule slowly overheated.

In the original plan, the Soviets had boasted that Laika would have all the comforts she needed to return home safely. But Premier Nikita Khrushchev viewed Laika’s journey as a piece of propaganda, and he wanted her flight timed to perfection. He needed Sputnik 2 to blast off on the 40th Anniversary of Bolshevik Revolution, and so ordered the scientists to rush the job so he could get the date right. Khrushchev wanted a bold story to unite the USSR. But instead he created a sad story that endures. In 1998, after the collapse of the Soviet regime another one of the scientists, Oleg Gazenko, expressed regret, 'The more time passes, the more I'm sorry about it. We shouldn't have done it. We did not learn enough from this mission to justify the death of the dog.'

Little Lemon

Little Lemon

What Comes After Dopey?

People with disabilities have not typically decided how they would be portrayed in art. Instead, artists and storytellers have tended to use various disabilities to convey strangely unfair stereotypes about physical challenges. Dwarfism is the obvious one, it continues to be seen by some people as the funny disability.  People with the genetic condition not only look different but they they also walk differently and move differently. And for whatever cruel reasons it's that difference that makes some people laugh. The cheap gag that keeps on giving. 

But this has not always been so, perhaps. The first dwarf to be depicted in art was Seneb, a real person who served as a high-ranking court official in the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, around 2520 BC. A painted limestone sculpture of him and with his family was rediscovered in 1926 and now resides in the museum at Cairo.  Irregardless of his body Seneb was a person of considerable power, wealth, and religious title. This and other texts indicate that Egyptian society advocated the acceptance and integration of those with physical and mental disabilities.

Fast forward to 20th Century Western culture and the most famous depiction of dwarfism comes from Walt Disney.  In the first full length animated motion picture Snow White and Seven Dwarfs the dwarfs are mostly comic entertainment, each named after their personality type - Doc, Grumpy, Happy, Sleepy, Bashful, Sneezy, and Dopey.  The other big depiction from that period came from JRR Tolkien. Dwarfs, or as he called them 'dwarves' are even more so mythical creatures, completely apart from humans, like orcs, elves, and hobbits. Both these depictions have their roots in German folklore.

In 2017 the most successful story in the world is the A Song of Ice and Fire series created by George RR Martin and adapted for television as Game of Thrones by David Benioff and DB Weiss at HBO. The books themselves are sold in the fantasy section but the reason why they've sold so well is, in part, because Martin subverts the genre. Martin writes about dragons, and magic, and also about dwarfs. But George RR Martin's dwarfs are not merely human shaped entities dwelling inside mountains smithing away and hoarding gold. Martin's dwarfs are humans with the physical disability called dwarfism. Tyrion Lannister is a member of the wealthiest and most powerful family in Westeros (not dissimilar to Egypt's Seneb).  Martin's gets meta in A Storm of Swords, addressing the usual tropes about dwarfs in entertainment. At his own wedding King Joffrey introduce a mock play. All the players are dwarfs. Joffrey mockingly tries to coerce his uncle Tyrion into joining them. Tyrion carefully evades this demand, but at the same time insults Joffrey, which draws more genuine laughter from from the crowd.

The task of art is to uncover things that are not payed attention to and to then provoke responses that are outside of everyday experiences. Historically art has been exceptionally mean to people with dwarfism, categorising their genetic condition into something as both mythological and comical.  The A Song of Ice and Fire saga is one of the finest efforts in art to re-humanise a part of society that has previously been so successfully ridiculed by the same genre. This coupled with Peter Dinklage's screen portrayal of Tyrion has successfully shifted the way that millions of people think, at least superficially, about people who just happen to be dwarfs. 

Tyrion is not a fantasy dwarf, he's a regular person with dwarfism inside a fantasy story. He suffers the same way many people facing physical challenges do. He is referred to by others as the 'imp' or the 'halfman'. Because of his body he is seen by everyone, including his own father, as being less than everyone else. Martin conceived of the character as being a person who is both the most ugly person in the story but also the most intelligent. And in that way there is the deepest tragedy. Because, through his smartness, he is acutely aware of how others see him and why they dislike him and how no matter what he does he'll still be just a dwarf to them. But not to the reader of the novels nor to the TV viewers. Those people see him for his mind and his actions. And to them he is a heroic figure in the most human sense.

Egyptian civilization, Old Kingdom, Dynasty XXI. Statue of dwarf Seneb with his wife Sentiotes and children, from Giza.

Egyptian civilization, Old Kingdom, Dynasty XXI. Statue of dwarf Seneb with his wife Sentiotes and children, from Giza.

Breaking Up - How Point Break is a Love Story

 

Point Break (1991)

Story by Rick King and W. Peter Iliff - Screenplay by W. Peter Iliff

Directed by Kathryn Bigelow

Idealistic Johnny Utah (Keanu Reeves) enters the FBI under the wing of washed up Angelo Papas (Gary Busey). Despite Papas' experience he gets no respect, his colleagues mock his theory that a gang of serial bank robbers terrorising California are actually mystery surfers. Johnny nevertheless listens to Papas and agrees to go undercover as a grommet. One day after exiting the water Johnny is violently attacked by a group of beach punks. At this point he is saved by the charismatic Bodhi (Patrick Swayze). Ten years older he commands respect from everyone, he beguiles Johnny with his spiritual wisdom. Johnny does not suspect that Bodhi is, in fact, the leader of the Ex-Presidents heist gang. At the same time Bodhi has no idea that Johnny is an FBI agent, rather he sees him as a potential protégé. Their plutonic love is blind.

In part because both men are heterosexual Johnny starts having sex with Bodhi's on and off again girlfriend, Tyler (Lori Petty). An orphan she was probably drawn to Bodhi as something of a father figure. Bodhi is cool with Johnny and Tyler's developing relationship but their romance is fraught, while they care about each other Johnny's deepest feelings are for Bodhi. Only after the two men have developed serious emotions towards each other do they discover the other's true identity.

Following a botched heist interception Johnny chases a Ronald Reagan masked Bodhi on foot through the back allies of Los Angeles. When they jump into the city viaduct Johnny is injured, unable to keep chase. As Bodhi climbs a fence to escape Johnny draws a gun. Looking into each others eyes from a distance Johnny cannot shoot his friend, instead he fires the weapon into the air, screaming in frustrated agony. 

The next day, and despite all that has happened, Bodhi tries to recruit Johnny into the Ex-Presidents. He does this by aggressively bullying Johnny into skydiving with the group. The plane jump is the ecstatic highpoint of the film. Falling through the air they hold hands in a bro grip, ignoring the unavoidable reality that awaits them on the ground. As the high of the jump wears off Bodhi attempts to initiate Johnny all the way into the Ex-Presidents by forcing him to rob bank with them. When Johnny does not comply people get killed. This is the breaking point of their relationship.

Papas shows up in the aftermath and together with Johnny they chase the Ex-Presidents to an airfield. Before their light airplane takes off Papas pulls his weapon on Bodhi. He is about to fire but Johnny stands in the way of the potential bullets. Inadvertently this gives one of the other bank robbers an opportunity to shoot Papas dead. Not only could Johnny not hurt Bodhi himself he could also not allow anyone else to. Johnny is rendered unable to perform his moral obligations as a law enforcer because of his emotions.

Months later and Bodhi has escaped to Australia where Johnny finally catches up to him. Down on the beach watching the ocean produce lethal waves Johnny attempts to bring Bodhi into custody peacefully but Bodhi rejects him. During a brawl in the surf, Johnny manages to handcuff himself to Bodhi, their bro grip replaced by a literal chain. Bhodi begs Johnny, appealing to their history together, to release him so he can ride the once-in-a-lifetime fifty year storm wave forming on the horizon. Knowing Bodhi will not come back alive, Johnny releases him. He does this because he loves him. With helicopters circling, Bodhi paddles out and surfs to his death. Johnny walks away, heartbroken, throwing his badge into the ocean, his career and friendship destroyed by the waves.

Point Break.jpg

Rob Sitch: Father Formerly Known As Comedian

Rob Sitch was on fire during the 90s. His prolific output included The Late ShowFrontline and The Castle - all classics. Audiences loved him. But then he somehow became less funny, walking off the stage with the curtain still up. In retrospect this seems to have happened around the time he stopped being such a prominent member on The Panel. Not coincidently this was also around the time that he began establishing what would become a large family. Jane Kennedy and he have five children together. Kids ask their fathers why they make such lame jokes. The answer is the questioner. It happens to a lot of men, the burden of fatherhood stunts their freedom to be subversive.  Humour tends to arise when something seems wrong, unsettling, or threatening (a kind of violation), but simultaneously seems okay, acceptable, or safe.  Once you have kids you're meant to be responsible, so you close the door to the room in your mind were you keep the bad things. The exact same thing happened to Eddie Murphy, who concluded he couldn't do anymore Raw-style stand up shows once he was parent. And these days he's most famous for voicing a cartoon donkey. Rob Sitch is still a legend, obviously. If he'd been born in the UK and produced the same level of content over there he'd now be in the Pantheon with John Cleese and Ricky Gervais. He's still active, since 2000 he has produced over a dozen television shows but none of them have come close to the content he made before fully settling down. In 2012 Any Questions for Ben? was released in cinemas and it bombed hard. It felt like the old bloke at the party trying to trick the young people into thinking he was still hip and with it. Things change. Several generations of comedians have come up behind Rob Sitch now and he's almost just another face in the background. To many people he could be any other parent lifting groceries into the boot of their 4WD at the Coles car park. But let it not be forgotten that for a considerable period of time Rob Sitch was pretty much the funniest person in the whole world. 

Sitch Double.jpg

Fortino Samano

Very little is known about Fortino Samano other than that he was a leader of rebel forces during the Mexican Revolution. This photo was taken moments before he was executed by Federal authorities in 1916. After finishing his cigar he chose to hang a white handkerchief from his left breast pocket, giving the firing squad something to aim at. Refusing a blindfold he then removed his hat and stood up straight with his shoulders back. In his very last moment he watched the bullets leave the barrels before feeling them enter his heart. He may well be the coolest person to have ever lived.

Fake News RoboCop

The creation of the Internet promised a society where the old forms of political control might somehow become obsolete. Beginning in the 1970s computer utopians believed that if humans became linked by cyber networks then they could create a more democratic system. And for a brief period it actually appeared that there might be a chance to create order in society without central control. This was a revolutionary idea. Because it ran contrary to the mainstream political thought that if individuals were given too much control then there would be anarchy. 

When Microsoft sold forty million copies of Windows 95 in the first year alone Bill Gates put Internet Explorer on personal computers everywhere. This lead to the first uptick in online citizen journalism. It was meant to be better than old journalism. The collection, dissemination, and analysis of information by the general public over the web was the way of the future. But there were unforeseen outcomes. Everyone on the Internet is a citizen. But not everyone on Internet should be a citizen journalist.

Fast forward two decades and fake news is everywhere. Free flowing information spreads through the digital ecosystem like cancer in a body, mutating into whatever shape necessary as to be shared and reposted again and again. Spreading false rumours to gain advantage, out of malice, or just for entertainment is old. But incorrect information now pollutes political discourse at levels never really anticipated. The fact that the Internet made all this possible is a dystopian realisation. 

Dystopian movies tend to do well at the box office. For some reason audiences have always liked to imagine society's decline. While these stories are set in the future but they are always a product of their era. One of the best is RoboCop, released in 1987 two years before the Internet was invented by Tim Berners-Lee. Easily dismissed by critics because the title sounds silly, people assumed that it was just another low budget science fiction horror. With the passage of time however it can also be appreciated as a satire of Ronald Reagan's America. Written by Ed Neumeier and Michael Miner the script is simultaneously tight and layered. And Paul Verhoeven's visceral direction makes you feel yucky. It is noteworthy that he is from the Netherlands as foreigners sometime critique America better, approaching it anthropologically. 

Right now social media has become like the downtown district in a dystopian 80s blockbuster, a place filled with fear and anger, where moral contracts and politeness have failed and everything is ruled by desperate capitalism. In RoboCop society has become so bad that an incorruptible man-machine is created in order to save everyone. In order to clean up Detroit the RoboCop goes on a rampage, murdering everyone from laneway muggers up to glass tower corporate criminals. In a strange way, it is a feel good movie. While we might live in a world that is out of control we can (in this fictional version) also create a device that puts things back in order. The story plays subconsciously to the notion that although authority is scary it's also comforting as it can protect from evil. But there is no RoboCop coming to police the fake news in our social media feeds. There is only us. And we cannot stop refreshing.

Turnbull's Inflatable Fiduciary Democracy

Spending money to win votes is part of the democratic process, demonstrably so. Which is why it makes sense that the 29th Prime Minister of Australia should be on the BRW 200 Rich List. When he wrestled leadership from Tony Abbott in September 2015 the polls suggested a landslide win was coming his way. But he had to wait and as each month rolled by his favourability diminished. When an election was finally announced for July 2016 things got even worse. Bill Shorten, a man who Turnbull doesn't really rate, was about to make a loser out of him. That could not happen. So he reached into his hip pocket and pulled out a rabbit. Abracadabra and they won - if only just. Magic Turnbull had sprinkled $1.75M of donation glitter dust on the party to secure The Lodge. But like all magician's tricks this was just another dazzling illusion. A victory from the electorate had been achieved but Turnbull had done so without creating any real authority for himself. Because political capital can only be earned by persuading the public with your big ideas. He simply had no overarching narrative to begin with.

During the 2013 election cycle the LNP strongly criticised Clive Palmer for buying PUP seats. Who the hell did this dove pie munching tycoon think he was? Yet it worked. He got up and so did two other candidates he bankrolled. Yet it did not really work. The party of three swiftly collapsed midterm with none of them seeking a seat in 2016 under the PUP banner. Turnbull himself has a prior history of self-donation, back in 1999 he coughed up $3M as part of the Yes case to make Australia a Republic. That investment did not pay off but he came to appreciate how cash can buy votes through the medium of marketing. Win or lose it all feels crook. In a fair democracy one person equals one vote. But the notion is corrupted when one person can use their personal treasure to unevenly alter the outcome. The curdling experienced right now churns in the guts extra hard as the PM himself has more gold than Coolangatta. A democracy ceases to be a competition of ideas when one person can simply buy a taller platform and purchase a louder megaphone. In the US Donald Trump became President by spending a lot his own money. He would not have won without that plane of his. Perhaps Michael Bloomberg should have run, he’s even wealthier. In the UK they have stricter rules on spending and their current PM Teresa May has a more modest net worth. If the system allows large sums to be spent, quickly enough spending large amounts becomes compulsory. And in turn the people who do get elected will, by necessity, be the wealthier types. The net result can only be an unrepresentative government. 

Having the Aussie PM spend $1.75M to push his own party over the line feels like cheating. And cheating winners are really just pimped out losers. On a subconscious level that is why it feels like he is not actually PM at all. He's more like a random no-name minister that you've seen on the tele a few times saying something unremarkable. The member for Wentworth performs the self-deprecating grins of a pleasant old man twisting on his heels as he stands beside the fireplace spinning yarns. But his stories go nowhere. He doesn't have the capital to say anything meaningful to anyone anywhere about anything at all. Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull was meant to be someone for whom the nation would erect posthumous statues to. But he ain’t. Instead he's twirling in an eddy, hollowed out with entropy, too exhausted to paddle further. If he died today he'd be lucky, lucky if we put up a wacky waving inflatable arm-flailing fluorescent tube man.

Subversive Charm of Classic Sesame Street

Jim Henson was a towering pillar of American popular culture and the pinnacle of his output was Sesame Street. After his death in 1990 the show slowly became less and less alive. After the show debuted in 1969 it had 21 years with him and has since had 27 years without. And the division between the two periods is clear. The franchise now makes more money than ever before but in doing so it's been reduced to a slick overly moderated safe space. It's what can happen to the band when the lead singer/songwriter dies. The classic muppet monsters on the show were interesting because they tended to have the same kind of big problems and character flaws that one might associate with grown adult humans. Snuffy was sort of depressed. Oscar was very angry all the time. Tele had crippling nervousness. Ernie bullied Bert all day but because he was so funny he got away with it. Big Bird was an orphan relying on the kindness of strangers. Grover was a pathetic lunatic. Count von Count was this sort of eccentric European freak. And Cookie Monster had an eating disorder, obviously. All of these classic characters are still on the program but they've been adjusted downwards, the edges have been polished away. It probably began with the massive success of Elmo. He joined the show before Jim Henson's death and afterwards went on to produce millions and millions of dollars in merchandising revenue for the production company. The newer characters such as Abby Cadabby, Zoe, and Rosita are really just newer variations of Elmo. They're all highly functional wunderkinds designed to charm the viewer rather then inspire pathos. The classic version of the show was so revolutionary that it took almost 30 years for other children's programs to catch up. But at some point during the later half of the now nearly 4,500 episodes Sesame Street began to feel a lot like all the other things made for kids on TV. And it was not just that the new programs caught up, Sesame Street also slowed down. With Jim Henson gone the characters stopped sprinting and began jogging, losing much of the humour. The undeniably reality is that Sesame Street used to be every kid's favourite show but today it's just another one of the things that parents use to babysit their offspring. 

Sesame.jpg

Phone Power Telephone

When thinking of powerful politicians expressing their authority we might be inclined to imagine them sitting on a throne of at least a big chair making decrees. Perhaps they're standing up and pointing the way to the promised land while delivering big oratory. But this is wrong. When thinking about modern politicians working we should probably think about them using the telephone. They could be calling to negotiate a hostage release or dialling in to discuss a trade deal. Mostly however it is mundane. But they do it a lot. Modern political power exists at the end of a telephone. Even if you're only texting. 

Paul Keating using an early carphone to make something happen.

Paul Keating using an early carphone to make something happen.

Putin working from a hotel.

Putin working from a hotel.

Angela Merkel walking and talking. 

Angela Merkel walking and talking. 

Saddam Hussein making orders from his office. 

Saddam Hussein making orders from his office. 

Henry Kissinger working while getting a haircut. 

Henry Kissinger working while getting a haircut. 

Trump using his phone at dinner.

Trump using his phone at dinner.

Xi Jinping on the landline.

Xi Jinping on the landline.

Kim Jong-un in field guiding a hydrogen bomb test.

Kim Jong-un in field guiding a hydrogen bomb test.

LBJ working hard from the Oval Office. 

LBJ working hard from the Oval Office. 

George Jetson Welfare Recipient

George Jetson lived in a mansion that floated in the sky.  He had a hot wife, two cool kids, a loveable dog, and a robot housekeeper. He drove a flying car across Orbit City to an office job at Spacely Space Sprockets where his workweek was typical of the era: one hour a day, two days a week. In 1962 when The Jetsons premiered the cartoon envisaged the 21st Century as a time when scientific advancements had made the economy so efficient that one bloke working a 2 hour work week could support a family and own most things.

In the real future (right now) efficient technologies have changed everything. But in unplanned ways. The US lost 5.6m manufacturing jobs between 2000 and 2010 and according to a study by the Center for Business and Economic Research, 85 per cent of those jobs losses can be attributable to technological changes in automation. The Boston Consulting Group has estimated that while a human welder earns $25 per hour the equivalent cost per hour for a robot is around $8. And the extra cost of maintaining a robotics system (installation, maintenance, and the operating cost) could be amortised in the first five years. Although there has been a steep decline in factory jobs, the manufacturing sector has become more productive and industrial output has been growing. In short, more stuff is being made by less people. The process is underway and irreversible. But unlike on The Jetsons people haven't started working less while getting paid the same. The efficiency dividends have instead been paid to companies rather than workers. The workers themselves have either started working not at all or all started working somewhere else.

In the future we might all be on the dole. Universal Basic Income (UBI) is a form of social security in which all citizens of a country receive an unconditional sum of money from the government, in addition to any income received from elsewhere. Switzerland considered introducing a UBI of 2,500 Swiss francs (US$2,578) per month this year but voters rejected it. President Obama has addressed the notion, 'Whether a universal income is the right model — is it gonna be accepted by a broad base of people? — that's a debate that we'll be having over the next 10 or 20 years.'

Every fictitious future-world has been proven false so far. In hindsight The Jetsons can be understood as a reflection of the time it was made. Hanna-Barbera took the every day concerns of a post-war Californian nuclear family and projected them into the future, in the same was as The Flintstones was a fantastic take on the distant past. It's impossible to accurately imagine the future. Artists try to reflect present day while it's the engineers who create the future by actually building things. And the most famous engineer in the world right now is Elon Musk. The billionaire genius sees UBI as natural. 'There is a pretty good chance we end up with a universal basic income, or something like that, due to automation. Yeah, I am not sure what else one would do. I think that is what would happen.'

If The Jetsons had of been more correct it might of made George not go into work at all. His boss, Cosmo Spacely, was always in a bad mood and shouting anyhow. Instead George would stay at home playing with Astro collecting money from the government. It only makes sense that in a futuristic utopia no one need work at all.

The Jetsons

Why are Tasmanians Poor People?

A Tasmanian person is 30% poorer than the national average. With the Australian GDP per capita at $68,000 the Tasmanian is just $49,000. Why?

Geography determines destiny.  And Tasmania is an isolated island at the bottom of the Southern Hemisphere, containing three towns of note in the north and a small city, serving as the capital, in the south. By the time transportation was abolished 150 years ago 75,000 convicts had been sent to the island. Today the population is just 500,000. In the same period the population of Australia as a whole has ballooned from 1.5 million to 22 million. Had the same rate of increase occurred in Tasmania, in excess of 1 million people would be living in the state now. Twice as large. When migrants come (by choice rather than in chains) to Australia they gravitate towards big economic zones to find work. At the same time educated young people who grow up in Tasmania leave for Melbourne or Sydney to pursue a variety of interesting careers. It's been an acute problem for 50 years, at one point in the 90s the population was going backwards. 

Culture can trump demographics though. Even if the population remains stagnant, as is projected, Tasmania could become significantly wealthier. But it would require leadership and huge cultural change. Many Tasmanians maintain an inward looking xenophobic approach to new ideas. And any criticism from outsiders is meet with an automated defensiveness. Premier Will Hodgman is the son of late politician Michael Hodgman. And Minister for State Growth Matthew Groom is the son of former Premier Ray Groom. There's a sense that these blokes didn't force there way into office with new ideas but rather inherited the family farm. Perhaps there is no appetite for big change. Certainly there are no leaders prepared to burn political capital to radically adjust the state's trajectory. If a charismatic leader were to emerge with a believable message describing how they would Make Tasmania Great Again then the soil might be fertile. Their constituents probably wouldn't come from the Denison Division though. 

At the moment the elite middle class in Hobart like things pretty much they way they are. They live in nice large houses with wonderful views, their children go to one of four private schools, they shop at Hill Street, dine in Salamanca, and take overseas holidays regularly. The kind of people who never went north of Creek Road until MONA opened. But most people in Hobart aren't middle class. They're working class, except a lot of them aren't working. And if you live in the northern suburbs or the pre-tertiary areas of the eastern shore you have to worry about burglary, violence, addiction, and burnouts.

The Hobart elite brag about MONA and the MONA-effect. That's been a big change they say. David Walsh’s cosmopolitan injection of private citizen ambition got the capital humming. There are now better restaurants, more microbreweries, and new hotels being erected. The culture has changed a bit but most people in Tasmania are still where they were ten years ago, looking at a sunless horizon. The attendees at this year’s awesome DARK MOFO were mostly tourists from Melbourne or Sydney as well as citizens from the elite suburbs. It was a no-povo zone. Indeed MONA's flagship beer MOO BREW states on the cup that it is, 'Not suitable for bogans.' 

There is no secret sauce to success. But looking outwards to more successful corners of the globe could be wise. Since Singapore was expelled from Malaysia 50 years ago it has been able to push it's GDP per capita of $2,600 up to $55,000. Singapore's phenomenal growth is the result of a guiding philosophy that a welcoming approach to business should be the basis for everything. Tasmania could emulate as closely as possible their methods, as outlined in the Home for Business Strategy. The Singaporean strategy encompasses every industry, placing as much emphasis on consumer goods, manufacturing, chemicals, and energy as it does on tourism or digital media. They take great pains to make it easy for multinationals to move operations there. Singapore has benefited big time from its geographic location close to China. Tasmanian could better position itself logistically. Chinese people like to eat the produce farmed on the island. Tasmania may not be as close to China as Singapore but Hobart to Shanghai is still just 12 hours flight. Close enough to get commercial flora and fauna products there in a timely manner. 

Tasmania needs to mind flip. Even if the less privileged could imagine a better future they would not feel entitled to demand it. And the middle class elite are comfortable sitting on their hands. While Tasmania is a very nice place it is not a very rich one. Perhaps all this is tolerable. But if so people will need to also accept why people on the ‘Mainland’ look down on ‘Tassie’. They do so because the people who live on island are poor.

The Art of the Victory - Donald Trump is an Imaginative Genius

You could tell by the low-key stage that Trump didn’t completely expect to win.  The victory speech was meant be on the shiny blue map of America stage. Instead Clinton was probably too shocked to go out there and say anything at all. It’s really only shocking though because for the last 18 months the media has been saying he'll lose and the polls have been agreeing with that narrative. Wrong.

Trump did not win by a lot.  But he definitely won. And he got the Congress and the Senate too. So it's a massive victory, obviously.  You always had to wonder if the polls were wrong. Trump is an outlier and outliers cause modelling to break down.  His victory has embarrassed the pundits. They had no idea what they were talking about all along.  And we have no reason to think they do now. Without endorsing Trump’s actual political views it important to acknowledge the art of the victory. He had the imagination to cut through the noise and send his own signal. Despite being one of the wealthiest people in America, living in a huge apartment atop a building on Fifth Avenue with his name written on it, surrounded by luxury and security and healthcare and fine food, he had imagination. He had the thoughtfulness to understand that most Americans have none of the things he enjoys. He then took this appreciation and went out into the swing states and said to the people, I am rich and you are poor but if you come with me you can be like me, trust me, it’s gonna be huge.

When Bush got re-elected I had a phone conversation with my old man where I basically said I couldn't believe that they'd re-elected him.  His response was that I didn't understand America. I knew about their fantastic popular culture but I didn't appreciate how most of Americans are forced to live. I've since been to the US three times for a total of ten weeks and most of that was spent driving cross country.  Once you get past the Elysian Fields of California and New York City the interior is filled with poorer people, run down infrastructure, homeless war veterans with PTSD begging for change under bridges, addicts, abandoned factories and dusty townships. Maybe it's not all that bad but it ain't great.  

Trump won the primary by picking apart sixteen, mostly seasoned, politicians.  If he could devastate Jeb then so too Hillary, they were both the establishment.  Without the GOP superiors actively working against him he ran a highly original line and all with less than half Clinton's money.  He now has the gold medal.  Not seeing Clinton give a concession speech when she knew she’d lost really felt like evidence that there truely is no room on the podium for second place. Right now the rest of the world looks at the US with confusion and derision.  But maybe the Yanks don't care what the rest of the world thinks.  A few of them at least are like Trump.  They only care about who they view reflected in the glass.  And right now Trump looks in the mirror and he sees a massive winner. But will it last?  Hard to imagine so.  Even Steph Curry can only hit so many three pointers in a row.  America is a nation of complicated unpredictable tectonic shifts that can only be understood in hindsight. This is just another rapture. There will be more.